A novel multiple, sequential image fusion (MuSIF) procedure merging stereotaxic CT with frameless magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used since June 2000 to visualise and directly localise the subthalamic nucleus (STN) on T2 images. In 13 consecutive Parkinson's cases, intraoperative recording and stimulation verified bilateral electrode implantation guided by fused T2 images. In 85% of sides, final implantation opted for visualised target track. Implanted electrode position on postoperative T2 images matched planned target. Clinical follow-up reproduces literature's best results. This MuSIF technique, effective for direct STN targeting, has practical advantages: MRI can be performed regardless of surgery time; regular MR scanning to correct real image distortion is unneeded; and the need for multiple localising tracks is reduced by enabling us to account for each patient's STN anatomy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology