Vitamin C further improves the protective effect of glucagon-like peptide-1 on acute hypoglycemia-induced oxidative stress, inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction in type 1 diabetes

Antonio Ceriello, Anna Novials, EMilio Ortega, SIlvia Canivell, Lucia La Sala, Gemma Pujadas, Loredana Bucciarelli, Maurizio Rondinelli, Stefano Genovese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective-To test the hypothesis that acute hypoglycemia induces endothelial dysfunction and inflammation through the generation of an oxidative stress. Moreover, to test if the antioxidant vitamin C can further improve the protective effects of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP- 1) on endothelial dysfunction and inflammation during hypoglycemia in type 1diabetes. Research design and methods-A total of 20 type 1 diabetic patients underwent four experiments: a period of 2 h of acute hypoglycemia with or without infusion of GLP-1 or vitamin C or both. At baseline, after 1 and 2 h, glycemia, plasma nitrotyrosine, plasma 8-iso prostaglandin F2a (PGF2a), soluble intracellular adhesion molecule-1a (sICAM-1a), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and flow-mediated vasodilation were measured. At 2 h of hypoglycemia, flow-mediated vasodilation significantly decreased, while sICAM-1, 8-iso-PGF2a, nitrotyrosine, and IL-6 significantly increased. The simultaneous infusion of GLP-1 or vitamin C significantly attenuated all of these phenomena. Vitamin C was more effective. When GLP-1 and vitamin C were infused simultaneously, the deleterious effect of hypoglycemia was almost completely counterbalanced. Results-At 2 h of hypoglycemia, flow-mediated vasodilation significantly decreased, while sICAM-1, 8-iso-PGF2a, nitrotyrosine, and IL-6 significantly increased. The simultaneous infusion of GLP-1 or vitamin C significantly attenuated all of these phenomena. Vitamin C was more effective. When GLP-1 and vitamin C were infused simultaneously, the deleterious effect of hypoglycemia was almost completely counterbalanced. Conclusions-This study shows that vitamin C infusion, during induced acute hypoglycemia, reduces the generation of oxidative stress and inflammation, improving endothelial dysfunction, in type 1 diabetes. Furthermore, the data support a protective effect of GLP-1 during acute hypoglycemia, but also suggest the presence of an endothelial resistance to the action of GLP-1, reasonably mediated by oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4104-4108
Number of pages5
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume36
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing

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