Vitamin D in childhood and adolescence: an expert position statement

Giuseppe Saggese, Francesco Vierucci, Annemieke M. Boot, Justyna Czech-Kowalska, Giovanna Weber, Carlos A. Camargo, Eric Mallet, Margherita Fanos, Nick J. Shaw, Michael F. Holick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Vitamin D is a key hormone in the regulation of calcium and phosphorus metabolism and plays a pivotal role in bone health, particularly during pediatric age when nutritional rickets and impaired bone mass acquisition may occur. Great interest has been placed in recent years on vitamin D’s extraskeletal actions. However, while recent data suggest a possible role of vitamin D in the pathogenesis of several pathological conditions, including infectious and autoimmune diseases, the actual impact of vitamin D status on the global health of children and adolescents, other than bone, remains a subject of debate. In the meantime, pediatricians still need to evaluate the determinants of vitamin D status and consider vitamin D supplementation in children and adolescents at risk of deficiency. This review is the result of an expert meeting that was held during the congress “Update on vitamin D and bone disease in childhood” convened in Pisa, Italy, in May 2013. Conclusion: The collaboration of the international group of experts produced this “state of the art” review on vitamin D in childhood and adolescence. After dealing with vitamin D status and its determinants, the review outlines the current debate on vitamin D’s health benefits, concluding with a practical approach to vitamin D supplementation during childhood and adolescence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)565-576
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
Volume174
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2015

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Keywords

  • 25-Hydroxyvitamin D
  • Adolescents
  • Children
  • Supplementation
  • Vitamin D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Saggese, G., Vierucci, F., Boot, A. M., Czech-Kowalska, J., Weber, G., Camargo, C. A., Mallet, E., Fanos, M., Shaw, N. J., & Holick, M. F. (2015). Vitamin D in childhood and adolescence: an expert position statement. European Journal of Pediatrics, 174(5), 565-576. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-015-2524-6