Vitamin D Levels in Active TB, Latent TB, Non-TB Pneumonia and Healthy Children: A Prospective Observational Study

Danilo Buonsenso, Michela Sali, Davide Pata, Enrico Masiello, Gilda Salerno, Manuela Ceccarelli, Giovanni Delogu, Piero Valentini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Growing evidence suggests that vitamin D deficiency might be implicated in the development of active tuberculosis (TB). We evaluated vitamin D levels in children with active TB compared to children with latent TB infection (LTBI), non-TB pneumonia (NTBP) and healthy controls to determine if there was a difference. Methods: In this prospective study, vitamin D levels were measured and compared between the four groups and adjusted for age, ethnicity, gender and season of sample collection. Results: Fifty-seven children were included: 24.6% active TB, 28.1% LTBI, 22.8% NPTB and 24.6% healthy controls. 36.8% of all children tested had an insufficient or deficient vitamin D level. Vitamin D level was significantly lower in active TB compared to other groups (p = 0.004). Conclusions: Our study showed a correlation between hypovitaminosis D and active pulmonary TB.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFetal and Pediatric Pathology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • latent TB infection
  • pneumonia
  • tuberculosis
  • vitamin D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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