Background: The aim of the present study was to investigate the interactions between the circulating concentrations of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] and the mRNA concentration of its specific nuclear receptor in human leukocytes. Methods: We measured vitamin D receptor (VDR) mRNA extracted from leukocytes by use of TaqMan fluorescence analysis applied to the reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) technique in 16 volunteers before and after calcitriol administration. VDR mRNA was also measured in leukocytes from calcium-stone-formers (37 hypercalciuric and 34 normocalciuric patients). The relationship between VDR mRNA concentrations and genetic VDR polymorphisms was analyzed in these patients. Results: Imprecision (CV) of RT-PCR was 1.3% within assay (n = 10) and 1.7% between assays (n = 4). Oral 1,25(OH)2D3 increased mean (SE) serum 1,25(OH) 2D31.6 (0.3)-fold and VDR mRNA 1.6 (0.1)-fold 8 h after administration. The maximum VDR mRNA was reached 3.6 (1.3) h after 1,25(OH) 2D3 ingestion. No differences in leukocyte VDR mRNA concentrations were found between normocalciuric and hypercalciuric stone-formers in the absence of stimulation. Finally, no association was found between VDR mRNA concentrations and genetic VDR polymorphisms in stone-formers. Conclusions: The TaqMan RT-PCR assay is a rapid and accurate method to measure VDR mRNA, and leukocytes are a useful model to study VDR and 1,25(OH) 2D3 interactions. In humans, VDR mRNA is increased by agonist 1,25(OH)2D3, a finding resembling previously reported results obtained in cellular and animal models.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry