Peripheral artery disease is a common complication among dialyzed patients. Since Vitamin K antagonists promote metastatic calcifications and these are the main determinants of vascular damage, we investigated their role in the development of lower limb ulcers in dialyzed patients. We retrospectively enrolled 316 dialyzed patients, aged 68 ± 15 years, 65% male, 32% diabetic, 43% with ischemic heart disease and followed them for 36 ± 25 months. 60 patients assumed Vitamin K antagonists: they were older, with a higher prevalence of heart disease, at greater risk of death and they developed more ulcers and underwent more lower limb amputations compared to the rest of our cohort. Peripheral artery disease, Vitamin K antagonists and diabetes were independent risk factors for foot lesions. In addition, Vitamin K antagonists were also an independent risk factor for death. Vitamin K antagonists are a potent independent risk factor for the development of the uremic foot syndrome and death.
- Journal Article