VITOM-3D assisted neck dissection via a retroauricular approach (RAND-3D): a preclinical investigation in a cadaver lab

Erika Crosetti, Giulia Arrigoni, Andrea Manca, Marco Fantini, Alessandra Caracciolo, Francesco Sardanapoli, Giovanni Succo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: The recent introduction of 3D exoscopic surgery has allowed interesting technical improvements in head and neck surgery resulting in technical solutions that are also applicable to neck dissection. The aim is to replace robotic surgery while minimising the costs of the procedure.

Methods: Based on these considerations, we conducted a preclinical investigation in the cadaver lab focused on approaching conventional neck dissection using a retroauricular incision, and evalute the applications and usefulness of the Storz 3D Exoscopic System at different stages of the surgical procedure. The acronym RAND-3D (3D exoscopic surgery) was coined to describe the application of this optical tool in neck dissection.

Results: The current study in the cadaver lab indicates that RAND-3D is an acceptable alternative operating technique in performing neck dissection by a retroauricular approach. Technically feasible and safe, this technique assures a complete compartment-oriented dissection without damaging major vascular or nervous structures.

Conclusions: This approach can be used in selected cases with a clear cosmetic benefit and represents a valid alternative to endoscopic- and robotic-assisted neck dissection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-351
Number of pages9
JournalActa otorhinolaryngologica Italica : organo ufficiale della Societa italiana di otorinolaringologia e chirurgia cervico-facciale
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020


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