VO2Max and VO2AT: athletic performance and field role of elite soccer players

Danilo Manari, Massimo Manara, Andrea Zurini, Giovanni Tortorella, Mauro Vaccarezza, Nicolò Prandelli, Davide Ancelotti, Marco Vitale, Prisco Mirandola, Daniela Galli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and oxygen consumption at anaerobic threshold (VO2AT) are commonly measured parameters to test elite soccer players; however, studies relating metabolic parameters of professional soccer players with performance and best fitting to the field role are scarce. Our aim was to study the relations of VO2max and VO2AT with the field role of elite soccer players to generate a robust dataset with a solid statistical analysis. Method: Over a 12-year period we performed 953 field evaluation tests of VO2 max and VO2AT on 450 elite soccer players of 13 professional teams by incremental, continuous and exhausting test modified from Conconi’s test. Statistical analysis was performed by one-way ANOVA followed—when appropriate—by Tukey post hoc test. Effect size was evaluated by the Cohen D test and η partial squared test. Statistical significance was set for p < 0.05. Results: VO2max mean values increased at the beginning of season by 1.073 ± 0.06 respect to pre-season then decreased again up to pre-season levels and remained stable, while VO2AT did not change during time. VO2max differences were also related to players’ field role. VO2max mean value for Goalkeeper was 50.85 ± 4.2, for central Defender was 57.58 ± 4.3, for Winger-sides back was 60.53 ± 5.02, for Midfielder was 59.53 ± 5.08, for Forward was 56.52 ± 4.14. On the contrary, as expected, VO2AT percentage variations among the roles were not significant. Conclusions: VO2max is the choice parameter to consider for the metabolic compliance of athletes to the field role requirements, consequently influencing training programs, recovery and injury prevention strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-226
Number of pages6
JournalSport Sciences for Health
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2016

Fingerprint

Athletic Performance
Soccer
Oxygen Consumption
Anaerobic Threshold
Athletes
Compliance
Analysis of Variance
Education
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Aerobic capabilities
  • Elite athletes
  • Sport physiology
  • Training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Manari, D., Manara, M., Zurini, A., Tortorella, G., Vaccarezza, M., Prandelli, N., ... Galli, D. (2016). VO2Max and VO2AT: athletic performance and field role of elite soccer players. Sport Sciences for Health, 12(2), 221-226. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-016-0278-9

VO2Max and VO2AT : athletic performance and field role of elite soccer players. / Manari, Danilo; Manara, Massimo; Zurini, Andrea; Tortorella, Giovanni; Vaccarezza, Mauro; Prandelli, Nicolò; Ancelotti, Davide; Vitale, Marco; Mirandola, Prisco; Galli, Daniela.

In: Sport Sciences for Health, Vol. 12, No. 2, 01.08.2016, p. 221-226.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Manari, D, Manara, M, Zurini, A, Tortorella, G, Vaccarezza, M, Prandelli, N, Ancelotti, D, Vitale, M, Mirandola, P & Galli, D 2016, 'VO2Max and VO2AT: athletic performance and field role of elite soccer players', Sport Sciences for Health, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 221-226. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-016-0278-9
Manari D, Manara M, Zurini A, Tortorella G, Vaccarezza M, Prandelli N et al. VO2Max and VO2AT: athletic performance and field role of elite soccer players. Sport Sciences for Health. 2016 Aug 1;12(2):221-226. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-016-0278-9
Manari, Danilo ; Manara, Massimo ; Zurini, Andrea ; Tortorella, Giovanni ; Vaccarezza, Mauro ; Prandelli, Nicolò ; Ancelotti, Davide ; Vitale, Marco ; Mirandola, Prisco ; Galli, Daniela. / VO2Max and VO2AT : athletic performance and field role of elite soccer players. In: Sport Sciences for Health. 2016 ; Vol. 12, No. 2. pp. 221-226.
@article{c6e43fc0751c4a57a5bab1b53c1f90ba,
title = "VO2Max and VO2AT: athletic performance and field role of elite soccer players",
abstract = "Purpose: Maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and oxygen consumption at anaerobic threshold (VO2AT) are commonly measured parameters to test elite soccer players; however, studies relating metabolic parameters of professional soccer players with performance and best fitting to the field role are scarce. Our aim was to study the relations of VO2max and VO2AT with the field role of elite soccer players to generate a robust dataset with a solid statistical analysis. Method: Over a 12-year period we performed 953 field evaluation tests of VO2 max and VO2AT on 450 elite soccer players of 13 professional teams by incremental, continuous and exhausting test modified from Conconi’s test. Statistical analysis was performed by one-way ANOVA followed—when appropriate—by Tukey post hoc test. Effect size was evaluated by the Cohen D test and η partial squared test. Statistical significance was set for p < 0.05. Results: VO2max mean values increased at the beginning of season by 1.073 ± 0.06 respect to pre-season then decreased again up to pre-season levels and remained stable, while VO2AT did not change during time. VO2max differences were also related to players’ field role. VO2max mean value for Goalkeeper was 50.85 ± 4.2, for central Defender was 57.58 ± 4.3, for Winger-sides back was 60.53 ± 5.02, for Midfielder was 59.53 ± 5.08, for Forward was 56.52 ± 4.14. On the contrary, as expected, VO2AT percentage variations among the roles were not significant. Conclusions: VO2max is the choice parameter to consider for the metabolic compliance of athletes to the field role requirements, consequently influencing training programs, recovery and injury prevention strategies.",
keywords = "Aerobic capabilities, Elite athletes, Sport physiology, Training",
author = "Danilo Manari and Massimo Manara and Andrea Zurini and Giovanni Tortorella and Mauro Vaccarezza and Nicol{\`o} Prandelli and Davide Ancelotti and Marco Vitale and Prisco Mirandola and Daniela Galli",
year = "2016",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11332-016-0278-9",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "221--226",
journal = "Sport Sciences for Health",
issn = "1824-7490",
publisher = "Springer-Verlag Italia",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - VO2Max and VO2AT

T2 - athletic performance and field role of elite soccer players

AU - Manari, Danilo

AU - Manara, Massimo

AU - Zurini, Andrea

AU - Tortorella, Giovanni

AU - Vaccarezza, Mauro

AU - Prandelli, Nicolò

AU - Ancelotti, Davide

AU - Vitale, Marco

AU - Mirandola, Prisco

AU - Galli, Daniela

PY - 2016/8/1

Y1 - 2016/8/1

N2 - Purpose: Maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and oxygen consumption at anaerobic threshold (VO2AT) are commonly measured parameters to test elite soccer players; however, studies relating metabolic parameters of professional soccer players with performance and best fitting to the field role are scarce. Our aim was to study the relations of VO2max and VO2AT with the field role of elite soccer players to generate a robust dataset with a solid statistical analysis. Method: Over a 12-year period we performed 953 field evaluation tests of VO2 max and VO2AT on 450 elite soccer players of 13 professional teams by incremental, continuous and exhausting test modified from Conconi’s test. Statistical analysis was performed by one-way ANOVA followed—when appropriate—by Tukey post hoc test. Effect size was evaluated by the Cohen D test and η partial squared test. Statistical significance was set for p < 0.05. Results: VO2max mean values increased at the beginning of season by 1.073 ± 0.06 respect to pre-season then decreased again up to pre-season levels and remained stable, while VO2AT did not change during time. VO2max differences were also related to players’ field role. VO2max mean value for Goalkeeper was 50.85 ± 4.2, for central Defender was 57.58 ± 4.3, for Winger-sides back was 60.53 ± 5.02, for Midfielder was 59.53 ± 5.08, for Forward was 56.52 ± 4.14. On the contrary, as expected, VO2AT percentage variations among the roles were not significant. Conclusions: VO2max is the choice parameter to consider for the metabolic compliance of athletes to the field role requirements, consequently influencing training programs, recovery and injury prevention strategies.

AB - Purpose: Maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and oxygen consumption at anaerobic threshold (VO2AT) are commonly measured parameters to test elite soccer players; however, studies relating metabolic parameters of professional soccer players with performance and best fitting to the field role are scarce. Our aim was to study the relations of VO2max and VO2AT with the field role of elite soccer players to generate a robust dataset with a solid statistical analysis. Method: Over a 12-year period we performed 953 field evaluation tests of VO2 max and VO2AT on 450 elite soccer players of 13 professional teams by incremental, continuous and exhausting test modified from Conconi’s test. Statistical analysis was performed by one-way ANOVA followed—when appropriate—by Tukey post hoc test. Effect size was evaluated by the Cohen D test and η partial squared test. Statistical significance was set for p < 0.05. Results: VO2max mean values increased at the beginning of season by 1.073 ± 0.06 respect to pre-season then decreased again up to pre-season levels and remained stable, while VO2AT did not change during time. VO2max differences were also related to players’ field role. VO2max mean value for Goalkeeper was 50.85 ± 4.2, for central Defender was 57.58 ± 4.3, for Winger-sides back was 60.53 ± 5.02, for Midfielder was 59.53 ± 5.08, for Forward was 56.52 ± 4.14. On the contrary, as expected, VO2AT percentage variations among the roles were not significant. Conclusions: VO2max is the choice parameter to consider for the metabolic compliance of athletes to the field role requirements, consequently influencing training programs, recovery and injury prevention strategies.

KW - Aerobic capabilities

KW - Elite athletes

KW - Sport physiology

KW - Training

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84965053758&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84965053758&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11332-016-0278-9

DO - 10.1007/s11332-016-0278-9

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84965053758

VL - 12

SP - 221

EP - 226

JO - Sport Sciences for Health

JF - Sport Sciences for Health

SN - 1824-7490

IS - 2

ER -