Voxel-based analysis unveils regional dose differences associated with radiation-induced morbidity in head and neck cancer patients

Serena Monti, Giuseppe Palma, Vittoria D'Avino, Marianna Gerardi, Giulia Marvaso, Delia Ciardo, Roberto Pacelli, Barbara A Jereczek-Fossa, Daniela Alterio, Laura Cella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The risk of radiation-induced toxicity in patients treated for head and neck (HN) cancer with radiation therapy (RT) is traditionally estimated by condensing the 3D dose distribution into a monodimensional cumulative dose-volume histogram which disregards information on dose localization. We hypothesized that a voxel-based approach would identify correlations between radiation-induced morbidity and local dose release, thus providing a new insight into spatial signature of radiation sensitivity in composite regions like the HN district. This methodology was applied to a cohort of HN cancer patients treated with RT at risk of radiation-induced acute dysphagia (RIAD). We implemented an inter-patient elastic image registration framework that proved robust enough to match even the most elusive HN structures and to provide accurate dose warping. A voxel-based statistical analysis was then performed to test regional dosimetric differences between patients with and without RIAD. We identified a significantly higher dose delivered to RIAD patients in two voxel clusters in correspondence of the cricopharyngeus muscle and cervical esophagus. Our study goes beyond the well-established organ-based philosophy exploring the relationship between radiation-induced morbidity and local dose differences in the HN region. This approach is generally applicable to different HN toxicity endpoints and is not specific to RIAD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7220
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 3 2017

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