VTMR, a new speech audiometry test with verbal tasks and motor responses

Federica Di Berardino, Stella Forti, Antonio Cesarani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: The aim of this study was to design a complementary speech audiometry test using verbal tasks and motor responses (VTMR) to assess the ability of a subject to understand and perform simple motor tasks with 3-dimensional objects, to describe its construction, and to show the preliminary results of a pilot study on the Italian version of the test. Methods: The items used in the test setting included 1 base, 1 hammer, 1 wooden structure with 4 sticks, and 5 rings of different colors and 20 lists with 5 verbal tasks per list. The VTMR test and bisyllabic speech audiometry were evaluated in normal-hearing subjects with and without cognitive impairment and in subjects with sensorineural hearing loss. Results: All normal-hearing subjects without cognitive impairment performed the VTMR tasks (100%) correctly at 35 dB sound pressure level. In subjects with sensorineural hearing loss, the percentage of correct answers was significantly higher for the VTMR test than for bisyllabic speech audiometry above 50 dB sound pressure level. This percentage was higher for the VTMR also in normal-hearing subjects with poor cognitive skills. Conclusions: The VTMR might make it easier to check patients' ability to understand verbal commands than does traditional speech audiometry, in particular in those patients with poor test-taking skills.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-260
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012


  • Comprehension
  • Hearing loss
  • Speech audiometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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