WBSCR14, a gene mapping to the Williams-Beuren syndrome deleted region, is a new member of the MIx transcription factor network

Stefano Cairo, Giuseppe Merla, Fabrizia Urbinati, Andrea Ballabio, Alexandre Reymond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a developmental disorder associated with haploinsufficiency of multiple genes at 7q11.23. Here, we report the functional characterization of WBS critical region gene 14 (WBSCR14), a gene contained in the WBS commonly deleted region. It encodes a basic-helix-loop-helix leucine zipper (bHLHZip) transcription factor of the Myc/Max/Mad superfamily. WBSCR14 is expressed in multiple tissues, including regions of the brain and the intestinal tract. WBSCR14 forms heterodimers with the bHLHZip protein MIx to bind the DNA sequence CACGTG. Like Max, MIx has no intrinsic transcriptional activity, but its association with Mad1, Mad4, Mnt or WBSCR14 can repress E-box-dependent transcription. Preliminary results suggest a possible role of WBSCR14 in growth control. Our data support the view that the Max-like bHLHZip protein, MIx, is a key element of a transcription factor network. We thus suggest that WBSCR14 may contribute to some aspects of the WBS pathology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)617-627
Number of pages11
JournalHuman Molecular Genetics
Volume10
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Mar 15 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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