Weekly combination of non-pegylated liposomal doxorubicin and taxane in first-line breast cancer: wALT trial (phase I-II)

M. S. Rosati, C. Raimondi, G. Baciarello, P. Grassi, S. Giovannoni, E. Petrelli, M. L. Basile, M. Girolami, M. di Seri, L. Frati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Through different pharmacodynamic-kinetic interactions, weekly administration of proved efficacy agents can overcome resistance with lower toxicity and greater benefit. Based on this assumption, we designed a phase I-II trial with weekly non-pegylated liposomal anthracycline and taxane in first-line breast cancer patients. Patients and methods: We enrolled 56 previously untreated metastatic breast cancer patients; they were randomly assigned to receive paclitaxel (Taxol) (50 mg/mq) or docetaxel (Taxotere) (30 mg/mq) combined with non-pegylated liposomal anthracycline (25 mg/mq) on days 1, 8 and 15 every 4 weeks. The primary end points were the clinical benefit and treatment-related toxic effects assessment. Secondary end points were time-to-disease progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS). Results: The overall clinical benefit was 87.04%. World Health Organization G3-4 toxic effects included neutropenia (45%), anemia (44%), complete alopecia (83%), severe onycholysis and neuropathy. The 24% of patients developed left ventricular ejection fraction reduction but none >10% with recover after treatment completion. The median absolute decrease from baseline was 1%. Median TTP was 11 months and median OS was 23 months. Conclusions: Combined weekly administration of taxane and non-pegylated liposomal anthracycline is well tolerated and clinical benefit data encourage phase III study design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-320
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Dose dense
  • First-line breast cancer
  • NPLD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Hematology

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