Aims and background: Sequential docetaxel and gemcitabine following initial docetaxel plus epirubicin or vinorelbine association could be worthwhile as first-line treatment of metastatic breast cancer. Methods: Fifty-eight patients entered a phase II study that included two sequential phases. In the first phase, 36 and 22 patients previously unexposed or exposed to adjuvant anthracyclines received the association of docetaxel (75 mg/m2, day 1) with epirubicin (75 mg/m2, day 1) or vinorelbine (20 mg/m2, days 1 and 5), respectively, every 21 days for 4 courses. In the second phase, patients who had a response (R) or stable disease (SD) received docetaxel (35 mg/m2) and gemcitabine (800 mg/m2) on days 1, 8 and 15 every 28 days for 4 courses. Results: In the first phase, grade ≥ III neutropenia occurred in 51% and 37% of patients during docetaxel-epirubicin and docetaxel-vinorelbine, respectively. In the second phase, it occurred in the 27% and 15% of patients initially treated with docetaxel-epirubicin and docetaxel-vinorelbine, respectively. On an intention to treat basis, the complete (CR) + partial response (PR) rate to the first phase was 71%, and 22% of patients had SD, without a significant difference between the docetaxel-epirubicin and docetaxel-vinorelbine arms. After the second phase, the CR + PR rate was 65%, and 14% of patients had SD. Median time to progression and survival were 12.1 and 22.0 months, respectively, without a significant difference between patients initially treated with docetaxel-epirubicin and docetaxel-vinorelbine. Conclusions: Following an initial docetaxel-based treatment, weekly docetaxel and gemcitabile maintains high percentages of R and SD, with improved toxicity. Survival was similar in patients previously untreated and treated with adjuvant anthracyclines.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2006|
- Advanced breast cancer
- Sequential chemotherapy
- Weekly docetaxel and gemcitabine
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research