Weekly schedule of vinorelbine in pretreated breast cancer patients

Cecilia Nisticò, Carlo Garufi, Michele Milella, Angela Vaccaro, Anna Maria D'Ottavio, Alessandra Fabi, Andrea Pace, Loredana Bove, Francesco Tropea, Annelisa Marsella, Fiorentino Izzo, Rita Maria D'Attino, Virginia Ferraresi, Salvatore De Marco, Edmondo Terzoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: In this phase II study, we explored tolerability and activity of vinorelbine administered according to a dose-dense weekly schedule with hematopoietic growth factor support in pretreated, advanced breast cancer patients. Patients and Methods: From January 1994 to March 1996, 40 patients with metastatic breast cancer, pretreated with at least one prior anthracycline-containing regimen, were entered into the study. Patient characteristics: median age 53 years (range 32-70): ECOG performance status 0-1: 34 patients, 2: 6 patients: dominant visceral metastatic disease: 15 patients, dominant non-visceral: 25; anthracycline-refractory/ resistant: 2 patients, sensitive: 38 patients. Six patients were treated as first-line therapy for metastatic disease and 34 in second- or subsequent lines. All patients received vinorelbine at the dose of 25 mg/m2/week as a short intravenous infusion, together with routine antiemetic medication. Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (Lenograstim) at the dose of 150μg/m2 subcutaneously on day 3 was included in the treatment schedule. Results: The median number of treatment weeks was 23 (range: 4-24), with a delivered dose-intensity (DDI) of 23.8 mg/m2/week (range: 18.7-25, 95.2% of projected dose-intensity). Toxicity was mild, with non-complicated neutropenia being the main toxicity observed (grade 3-4 in 25% of the patients but only 2% of treatment weeks). Overall response rate was 52.5%, with complete responses in 12.5% of patients. Median duration of the response and median time to progression were 10 and 9 months, respectively. Median overall survival was 19 months. Conclusion: Dose-dense weekly vinorelbine is safe and effective with minimal toxicity in pretreated advanced breast cancer patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-229
Number of pages7
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume59
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Dose-intensity
  • G-CSF
  • Metastatic
  • Vinorelbine
  • Weekly schedule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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