Weight loss in obese older adults increases serum sclerostin and impairs hip geometry but both are prevented by exercise training

Reina Armamento-Villareal, Corinn Sadler, Nicola Napoli, Krupa Shah, Suresh Chode, David R. Sinacore, Clifford Qualls, Dennis T. Villareal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We reported that weight loss induces bone loss which is prevented by exercise training; however, the mechanism for this observation remains unclear. Sclerostin, an inhibitor of bone formation, has been found to increase in states of unloading and may mediate the changes in bone metabolism associated with weight loss and exercise. The objective of the study was to determine the effect of lifestyle intervention in obese older adults on sclerostin levels, and on hip geometry parameters. A total of 107 obese (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 30kg/m 2) older (≥65 years) adults were randomly assigned to control, diet, exercise, and combined diet-exercise for 1 year. Sclerostin levels were measured by ELISA at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months, while hip geometry parameters were obtained from bone mineral density (BMD) images done by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry using hip structure analysis at baseline and 12 months. Both the diet and diet-exercise groups had significant decreases in body weight (-9.6% and -9.4%, respectively), whereas weight was stable in the exercise and control groups. Sclerostin levels increased significantly and progressively in the diet group (6.6%±1.7% and 10.5%±1.9% at 6 and 12 months, respectively, all p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1215-1221
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2012

Keywords

  • EXERCISE
  • HIP GEOMETRY
  • MECHANICAL LOADING
  • OBESITY
  • SCLEROSTIN
  • WEIGHT LOSS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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