What about heart and mind in the covid-19 era?

Marianna Mazza, Giuseppe Marano, Barbara Antonazzo, Elena Cavarretta, Marco Di Nicola, Luigi Janiri, Gabriele Sani, Giacomo Frati, Enrico Romagnoli

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From the time of Hippocratic medicine, heart-brain interactions have been recognized and contributed to both mental and physical health. Heart-brain interactions are complex and multifaceted and appear to be bidirectional. Exposure to chronic and daily stressors such as quarantine, or severe psychological trauma like a significant person in danger of life can affect the cardiovascular system and the emotional experience of the individual, leading to an increased risk of developing a cardiovascular disease or mental illness. Subjects with comorbidities between mental disorders and heart diseases are obviously more susceptible to be influenced by emotional burden due to the spread of COVID-19, with emotional responses characterized by fear, panic, anger, frustration. Psychological services and crisis interventions are needed at an early stage to reduce anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder in such a stressful period, with a special attention to special groups of patients, such as women, children, or the elderly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-226
JournalMinerva Cardioangiologica
Issue number2
Early online dateMay 12 2020
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


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