What persons with chronic health conditions need to maintain or return towork—results of an online-survey in seven european countries

Nicole Foitzek, Carolina C. Ávila, Ivana Ivandic, Črtomir Bitenc, Maria Cabello, Sonja Gruber, Matilde Leonardi, Amalia Muñoz-Murillo, Chiara Scaratti, Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Anastasia Vlachou, Eva Esteban, Carla Sabariego, Michaela Coenen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Chronic health conditions represent the major share of the disease burden in Europe and have a significant impact on work. This study aims to: (1) identify factors that have a negative or positive impact on the work lives of persons with chronic health conditions; (2) explore the needs of these persons to maintain a job or return to work and (3) compare these results with respect to these persons’ occupational status. An online survey was performed in seven European countries. Open-ended survey questions were analyzed using qualitative methods. In total, 487 participants with six chronic health conditions participated. The majority of participants named work-related aspects (such as career development, stress at the workplace, work structure and schedule as well as workload), support of others and attitudes of others as being the factors positively and negatively impact their work lives the most. Our study shed light on the importance of changing the attitudes of supervisors and co-workers to counteract stigmatization of persons with chronic health conditions in the workplace. In conclusion, this study provides a basis for developing new strategies of integration and reintegration at work for persons with chronic health conditions in European countries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number595
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2018

Keywords

  • Chronic disease
  • Employment
  • Needs
  • Qualitative research
  • Work

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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    Foitzek, N., Ávila, C. C., Ivandic, I., Bitenc, Č., Cabello, M., Gruber, S., Leonardi, M., Muñoz-Murillo, A., Scaratti, C., Tobiasz-Adamczyk, B., Vlachou, A., Esteban, E., Sabariego, C., & Coenen, M. (2018). What persons with chronic health conditions need to maintain or return towork—results of an online-survey in seven european countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(4), [595]. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15040595