What should a person with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis know? – Focus group and survey data of a risk knowledge questionnaire (RIKNO 2.0)

C. Heesen, J. Pöttgen, A. C. Rahn, K. Liethmann, J. Kasper, L. Vahter, J. Drulovic, A. Van Nunen, D. Wilkie, Y. Beckmann, F. Paul, S. Köpke, A. Giordano, A. Solari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Risk knowledge is relevant to make informed decisions in multiple sclerosis (MS). The risk knowledge questionnaire for relapsing-remitting MS (RIKNO 1.0) was developed and piloted in Germany. Objective To produce a revised RIKNO 2.0 questionnaire using mixed methodology in a European setting. Methods The questionnaire was translated in seven languages. MS patient and health professional (HP) expert feedback was obtained from Germany, Italy, Estonia, Serbia, and the UK. A German web-based survey of RIKNO 2.0 compared the tool with the MS Knowledge Questionnaire (MSKQ), each one used with two versions (with/without a “don't know” option). Results While RIKNO 2.0 was considered difficult, it was rated as highly educational. One item was reframed, and two new items were added. The web-based German survey (n = 708 completers) showed that the DN version did not increase participation rate and did not produce significantly higher scores. Internal consistency (Cronbach alpha) without SN response was 0.73. RIKNO 2.0 scores showed normality distribution irrespective of the answering format. Item difficulty was high ranging from 0.07 to 0.79. Less than 50% of questions were answered correctly (mean 8.9) compared to 80.4% in the MSKQ (mean 20.1). Higher numeracy competency and education were significantly, albeit weakly, associated to higher scores for both RIKNO 2.0 and MSKQ. Conclusion Including “don't know” options in knowledge questionnaires does not increase percentage of correct replies. RIKNO 2.0 is a complex questionnaire to be used in an educational context and studies on patient information. The tool is now available in seven languages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)186-195
Number of pages10
JournalMultiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders
Volume18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017

Keywords

  • Evidence-based patient information
  • Informed choice
  • Numeracy
  • Risk knowledge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Heesen, C., Pöttgen, J., Rahn, A. C., Liethmann, K., Kasper, J., Vahter, L., Drulovic, J., Van Nunen, A., Wilkie, D., Beckmann, Y., Paul, F., Köpke, S., Giordano, A., & Solari, A. (2017). What should a person with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis know? – Focus group and survey data of a risk knowledge questionnaire (RIKNO 2.0). Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, 18, 186-195. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2017.09.020