When to perform lymph node dissection in patients with renal cell carcinoma: A novel approach to the preoperative assessment of risk of lymph node invasion at surgery and of lymph node progression during follow-up

Umberto Capitanio, Firas Abdollah, Rayan Matloob, Nazareno Suardi, Fabio Castiglione, Ettore Di Trapani, Paolo Capogrosso, Andrea Gallina, Paolo Dell'Oglio, Alberto Briganti, Andrea Salonia, Francesco Montorsi, Roberto Bertini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective To identify preoperatively patients who might benefit from lymph node dissection (LND). Patients and Methods We assessed lymph node invasion (LNI) at final pathology and lymph node (LN) progression during the follow-up for 1983 patients with RCC, treated with either partial or radical nephrectomy. LN progression was defined as the onset of a new clinically detected lymphadenopathy (>10 mm) in the retroperitoneal lymphatic area. Logistic regression analyses were used to assess the effect of each potential clinical predictor (age, body mass index, tumour side, symptoms, performance status, clinical tumour size, clinical tumour-node-metastasis stage, and albumin, calcium, creatinine, haemoglobin and platelet levels) on the outcome of interest. The most parsimonious multivariable predictive model was developed, and discrimination, calibration and net benefit were calculated. Results The prevalence of LNI was 6.1% (120/1983 patients) and during the follow-up period, 82 patients (4.1%) experienced LN progression. On multivariable analyses, the most informative independent predictors were tumour stage (cT3-4 vs cT1-2, odds ratio [OR] 1.52, P = 0.05), clinical nodal status [cN1 vs cN0, OR 7.09, P <0.001], metastases at diagnosis (OR 3.04, P <0.001) and clinical tumour size (OR 1.14, P <0.001). The accuracy of the multivariable model was found to be 86.9%, with excellent calibration and net benefit at decision-curve analyses. Conclusions By relying on a unique approach, combining the risk of harbouring LNI and/or LN progression during the follow-up period, we have provided the first clinical presurgery model predicting the need for LND.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBJU International
Volume112
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

Keywords

  • lymph node dissection
  • lymph node invasion
  • lymph node progression
  • lymphadenectomy
  • nomogram
  • RCC
  • renal cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'When to perform lymph node dissection in patients with renal cell carcinoma: A novel approach to the preoperative assessment of risk of lymph node invasion at surgery and of lymph node progression during follow-up'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this