Which group of smokers is more vulnerable to the economic crisis?

S. Gallus, R. Asciutto, R. Muttarak, R. Pacifici, C. La Vecchia, A. Lugo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: Studies investigating whether smoking increases or decreases during economic downturn provided contrasting results. For the first time, we used direct questions to analyse changes in smoking behaviour due to the 2008 financial crisis, comparing socio-economic characteristics of smokers who changed with those who kept their smoking intensity. Study design: Cross-sectional survey. Methods: We used data from three annual surveys conducted in Italy in 2012-2014 on representative samples of the Italian general population aged ≥15 years. Results: A total of 1919 current smokers were asked specific questions on the influence of the economic crisis that started in 2008 on their smoking behaviour. Overall, 77.4% of 1919 current smokers reported not to have changed their smoking behaviour, 19.1% to have reduced, and 3.5% to have increased their smoking intensity as a consequence of the economic crisis. The reduction in cigarette smoking increased with age: compared to the respondents aged

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-38
JournalPublic Health
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Economic crisis
  • Smoking consumption
  • Tobacco smoking
  • Unemployed
  • Vulnerable population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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