AIMS: The safety and efficacy of single vs. dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients undergoing TAVI remain to be addressed. The aim of our study was to evaluate the usefulness of a DAPT compared to a single platelet therapy in patients undergoing TAVI with a balloon-expandable prosthesis.
METHODS AND RESULTS: All consecutive patients enrolled in the ITER registry were included. Patients undergoing TAVI discharged with aspirin alone were compared to those taking DAPT before and after selection using propensity score with matching. Subgroup analysis was performed for those on OAT. Prosthetic heart valve dysfunction at follow-up was the primary endpoint, whereas all-cause death, cardiovascular death, bleedings, vascular complications and cerebrovascular accidents were the secondary ones. From 1,364 patients, after propensity score with matching, 605 were selected for each group (aspirin alone vs. DAPT). At 30 days, rates of VARC mortality were lower in patients with aspirin alone (1.5% vs. 4.1%, p=0.003), mainly driven by a reduction of major vascular complications (5.3% vs. 10.7%, p<0.001) and of major bleedings (6.6% vs. 11.5%, p<0.001), without a difference in prosthetic heart valve dysfunction after 45±14 months (2.8% vs. 3.0%, p=0.50). These results were confirmed on multivariable analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: After TAVI with a balloon-expandable prosthesis, aspirin alone does not increase the risk of prosthetic valve dysfunction, and reduces the risk of periprocedural complications and of 30-day all-cause death.
- Journal Article