Which route of antibiotic administration should be used for third molar surgery? A Split-mouth study to compare intramuscular and oral intake

V. Crincoli, M. Di Comite, M. B. Di Bisceglie, M. Petruzzi, L. Fatone, C. De Biase, S. Tecco, F. Festa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives. To compare the effectiveness of two different routes of antibiotic administration in preventing septic complications in patients undergoing third molar extraction. Materials and Methods. Twenty-four healthy patients requiring bilateral surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars were successfully enrolled for this study. Depth of impaction, angulation, and relationship of the lower third molars with the mandibular branch had to be overlapping on both sides. A split-mouth design was chosen, so each patient underwent both the first and second surgeries, having for each extraction a different antibiotic route of administration. The second extraction was carried out 1 month later. To compare the effects of the two routes of antibiotic administration, inflammatory parameters, such as edema, trismus, pain, fever, dysphagia and lymphadenopathy were evaluated 2 and 7 days after surgery. Side effects of each therapy were evaluated 48h after surgery. Results. oral and intramuscular antibiotic therapies overlap in preventing post-operative complications in dental surgery (p>0.05), even if the oral intake, seems to promote the onset of significant gastrointestinal disorders (p=0.003). Conclusions. This study could help dentists in their ordinary practice to choose the right route of antibiotic administration in the third molar surgery. At the same effectiveness, the higher cost and the minor compliance of the patient seem not to justify a routine antibiotic intramuscular therapy, reserving it for patients with gastrointestinal disorders.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinica Terapeutica
Volume165
Issue number1 SUPPL
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Antibiotics
  • Intramuscular therapy
  • Oral intake
  • Third molar surgerycare

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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