Whole-blood fatty acids and inflammation in European children: the IDEFICS Study

E. M. González-Gil, J. Santabárbara, A. Siani, W. Ahrens, I. Sioen, G. Eiben, K. Günther, L. Iacoviello, D. Molnar, P. Risé, P. Russo, M. Tornaritis, T. Veidebaum, C. Galli, L. A. Moreno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background/Objectives:Fatty acids are hypothesized to influence cardiovascular disease risk because of their effect on inflammation. The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between whole-blood fatty acids (WBFAs) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in European children.Subjects/Methods:A total of 1401 subjects (697 boys and 704 girls) aged between 2 and 9 years from the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects in Children and infantS) study were measured in this cross-sectional analysis. The sample was divided into three categories of hs-CRP. Associations between WBFA and hs-CRP were assessed by logistic regression models adjusting for body mass index (BMI), country, age, breastfeeding, mother’s education and hours of physical activity.Results:Linoleic acid (LA) (P=0.013, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.822–0.977) and sum of n-6 WBFA (P=0.029, 95% CI: 0.866–0.992) concentrations were associated with lower concentrations of hs-CRP in boys. In girls, a high ratio of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)/arachidonic acid (AA) was associated (P=0.018, 95% CI: 0.892–0.989) with lower hs-CRP concentrations. In contrast, sum of blood n-6 highly unsaturated fatty acids (P=0.012, 95% CI: 1.031–1.284), AA (P=0.007, 95% CI: 1.053–1.395) and AA/LA ratio (P=0.005, 95% CI: 1.102–1.703) were associated (P

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 13 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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