Wine consumption and risk of cardiovascular events after myocardial infarction: Results from the GISSI-Prevenzione trial

Giacomo Levantesi, Rosamaria Marfisi, Dariush Mozaffarian, Maria Grazia Franzosi, Aldopietro Maggioni, Gian Luigi Nicolosi, Carlo Schweiger, Mariagiuseppina Silletta, Luigi Tavazzi, Gianni Tognoni, Roberto Marchioli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: To evaluate the association of wine intake with incident cardiovascular events (CVE) and total mortality after myocardial infarction (MI). Methods: We used prospectively ascertained information among 11,248 Italian patients with recent MI enrolled in the GISSI-Prevenzione Trial. Usual wine consumption has been categorised as never/almost never, up to 0.5 L/day, and > 0.5 L/day. Multiple imputation was used for missing values at baseline and during follow-up. We assessed adjudicated cumulative incidence of major CVE during 3.5 years of follow-up and total mortality at long-term follow-up (7.3 years), respectively. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were fitted to estimate hazard ratios (HR) first using data at baseline and then updated using time-varying covariates. Results: During 37,021 person-years of follow-up, 1168 CVE occurred. Moderate wine intake at baseline was associated with significantly reduced risk of CVE (adjusted HR 0.87; 95% CI 0.76-0.99) as compared with non-drinkers. In time-updated analyses, results were virtually the same, though they were barely statistically not significant (adjusted HR 0.88; 95% CI 0.77-1.00). Wine intake was associated with lower risk of total mortality. In time-updated adjusted analyses, patients with wine consumption up to 0.5 L/day (HR 0.83; 95% CI 0.74-0.92) and > 0.5 L/day (HR 0.77; 95% CI 0.63-0.94) had lower mortality compared with non-drinkers (P for trend = 0.0003). Conclusions: Among patients with established heart disease, moderate consumption of wine seems to be associated with lower incidence of CVE and total mortality as compared with non drinkers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-287
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 10 2013


  • Alcohol
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Mortality
  • Prevention
  • Risk factors
  • Wine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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