Objective To assess safety, performance, and efficacy of the RELAY thoracic stent graft (Bolton Medical, Barcelona, Spain) in the treatment of patients who require elective thoracic endovascular aortic repair including aneurysms and dissections. Methods The RELAY Endovascular Registry for Thoracic Disease II (RESTORE II) is a multicenter, prospective, international cohort study involving 21 centers in 12 countries worldwide. All consecutively included patients underwent elective thoracic endovascular aortic repair with a RELAY or RELAY NBS stent graft (including off the shelf and custom-made devices) to repair thoracic aortic aneurysms or dissections. Demographic, clinical, and aortic parameters were Web-based registers. Safety and efficacy data were collected for a follow-up period of 24 months. RESTORE was a precedent registry involving European sites that used RELAY first-generation devices. Results A total of 173 patients were enrolled in the registry from October 2010 to September 2014 (aneurysm [n = 99]/dissection [n = 74]). Overall technical success of the intervention reached 97.1% irrespective of the etiology and geographic origin of patients. Baseline clinical heterogeneity was observed between devices concerning the etiology of the disease and certain comorbidities and/or risk factor distribution (diabetes, hypertension, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris). An average of 1.36 stent graft components were used per patient, with mean intended treatment length of 197.0 ± 87.7/188.7 ± 103.1 mm and mean access site diameter of 10.3 ± 8.2/9.7 ± 1.7 mm in aneurysms/dissections, respectively. The rate of all-cause 30-day mortality was lower than in the RESTORE registry (4.0% vs 7.2%). Perioperative neurologic complications were infrequent: paraplegia/paraparesis (2.9%) and stroke (0.6%) (vs 2.0% and 1.6% in the RESTORE registry). Freedom from all-cause mortality at 2 years was 93.6%. At the final completion angiography, device-associated complications were detected in 4.6% of the patients (vs 5.3% in the RESTORE) and endoleak rate was 6.4% (type I 5.8% and type II 1.7%). Conclusions The worldwide results of the RESTORE II registry show the safety and effectiveness of RELAY and RELAY NBS stent grafts for elective endovascular thoracic aortic repair. Compared with the RESTORE registry, the device presents a lower rate of perioperative complications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine