A 71-year-old male former smoker was referred for worsening hemoptysis from a hilar left tumor without radiologic or bronchoscopic identification of the bleeding source. He underwent an urgent upper lobectomy extended to the pericardium and left phrenic nerve to control active bleeding. Histologic analysis revealed a malignant triton tumor, a rare aggressive subtype of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors. This is a case report of unusual pulmonary involvement associated with hemoptysis. Despite radical surgery and multimodal treatment with adjuvant chemotherapy the patient died of systemic dissemination 10 months after surgery, with a disease-free survival of 3 months.
- Diagnosis, Differential
- Fatal Outcome
- Lung Neoplasms/complications/*pathology
- Symptom Flare Up