Wound Healing Fluid Reflects the Inflammatory Nature and Aggressiveness of Breast Tumors

Roberto Agresti, Tiziana Triulzi, Marianna Sasso, Cristina Ghirelli, Piera Aiello, Ilona Rybinska, Manuela Campiglio, Lucia Sfondrini, Elda Tagliabue, Francesca Bianchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Wound healing fluid that originates from breast surgery increases the aggressiveness of cancer cells that remain after the surgery. We determined the effects of the extent of surgery and tumor-driven remodeling of the surrounding microenvironment on the ability of wound-healing to promote breast cancer progression. In our analysis of a panel of 34 cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors in wound healing fluid, obtained from 27 breast carcinoma patients after surgery, the levels of several small molecules were associated with the extent of cellular damage that was induced by surgery. In addition, the composition of the resulting wound healing fluid was associated with molecular features of the removed tumor. Specifically, IP-10, IL-6, G-CSF, osteopontin, MIP-1a, MIP-1b, and MCP1-MCAF were higher in more aggressive tumors. Altogether, our findings indicate that the release of factors that are induced by removal of the primary tumor and subsequent wound healing is influenced by the extent of damage due to surgery and the reactive stroma that is derived from the continuously evolving network of interactions between neoplastic cells and the microenvironment, based on the molecular characteristics of breast carcinoma cells.

Original languageEnglish
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 19 2019


  • Body Fluids/metabolism
  • Breast Neoplasms/pathology
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Movement
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inflammation/pathology
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/pathology
  • Wound Healing


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