Loss-of-function mutations and deletions in Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) gene are present in approximately 10% of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Clinically,WT1mutations are enriched in relapsed series and are associated to inferior relapse-free survival in thymic T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia cases. Here we demonstrate that WT1 plays a critical role in the response to DNA damage in T-cell leukemia.WT1loss conferred resistance to DNA damaging agents and attenuated the transcriptional activation of important apoptotic regulators downstream of TP53 inTP53-competent MOLT4 T-leukemia cells but not inTP53-mutant T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell lines. Notably,WT1loss positively affected the expression of the X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein, XIAP, and genetic or chemical inhibition with embelin (a XIAP inhibitor) significantly restored sensitivity to γ-radiation in both T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell lines and patient-derived xenografts. These results reveal an important role for theWT1tumor suppressor gene in the response to DNA damage, and support the view that anti-XIAP targeted therapies could have a role in the treatment ofWT1-mutant T-cell leukemia.
- Journal Article