Xanthine oxidase gene variants and their association with blood pressure and incident hypertension: a population study

Lieke E J M Scheepers, Fang Fei Wei, Katarzyna Stolarz-Skrzypek, Sofia Malyutina, Valérie Tikhonoff, Lutgarde Thijs, Erika Salvi, Cristina Barlassina, Jan Filipovský, Edoardo Casiglia, Yuri Nikitin, Kalina Kawecka-Jaszcz, Paolo Manunta, Daniele Cusi, Annelies Boonen, Jan A. Staessen, Ilja C W Arts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:: The enzyme xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) generates uric acid in the terminal steps of the purine metabolism; meanwhile reactive oxygen species are formed. We hypothesized that uric acid production, as assessed indirectly from XOR variants, is associated with hypertension. METHODS:: Among 2769 participants (48.3% men; mean age 40.7 years) randomly recruited from European populations, we genotyped 25 tagging XOR SNPs and measured blood pressure (BP) at baseline and follow-up (median 8.8 years). The relation between variants of the XOR gene with changes in pulse pressure and mean arterial pressure over time; and incidence of hypertension, were analyzed. RESULTS:: Compared with nonminor allele carriers, pulse pressure increased approximately 2?mmHg more in minor allele carriers of rs11904439 (P?=?0.01), whereas mean arterial pressure and DBP increased approximately 1?mmHg less in minor allele carriers of rs2043013 (P?=?0.01). In 2050, participants normotensive at baseline, hazard ratios contrasting risk of hypertension in minor allele carriers vs. nonminor allele carriers were 1.31 (95% confidence interval 1.03–1.68; P?=?0.02) and 1.69 (95% confidence interval 1.11–2.57; P?=?0.01) for rs11904439 and rs148756340, respectively. With the false discovery rate set at 0.25, the aforementioned associations retained significance. The changes in SBP from baseline to follow-up and the serum levels of uric acid at baseline (n?=?1949) were not associated with XOR. CONCLUSION:: Pending confirmation, our findings suggest that variation in uric acid production, as captured by genetic variation in XOR, might be a predictor of changes in BP and in the risk of hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Hypertension
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Sep 6 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Medicine(all)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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