The first case of septicemia due to Yersinia pseudotuberculosis in an HIV-infected person was reported. The 42-year-old woman was severely immunosuppressed despite a prolonged exposure to HAART. Specific amplicons for inv, yadA, and lcrF genes showed the pathogenetic potential of the Y. pseudotuberculosis serotype O1 isolate. A favorable clinical response to ceftriaxone and levofloxacin was observed.
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