ZD4054, a potent endothelin receptor A antagonist, inhibits ovarian carcinoma cell proliferation

Laura Rosanò, Valeriana Di Castro, Francesca Spinella, Samantha Decandia, Pier Giorgio Natali, Anna Bagnato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is present at high concentrations in ovarian cancer ascites and is overexpressed in primary and metastatic ovarian carcinomas. In these tumors, the presence of ET-1 correlates with tumor grade, enhanced neovascularization, and with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. ET-1 acts as an autocrine factor selectively through ETA receptor (ETAR), predominantly expressed in ovarian carcinoma cells resulting in increased VEGF production and VEGF-mediated angiogenic effects. Previous results demonstrated that in ovarian carcinoma cells, activation of the ET-1/ETAR axis promotes cell proliferation, neovascularization, and invasion, which are the principal hallmarks of tumor progression. The present study was designed to investigate the in vitro effects of trans, trans-2(4-methoxydhenyl)-4-(1-3-benzodiazol-5-yl)-1-(dibutylaminocarbonylmethyl) -pyrrolidine-3-carboxylic acid (ZD4054), an orally active specific ET AR antagonist, on the ET-1-induced mitogenic effect in OVCA 433 and HEY ovarian carcinoma cell lines secreting ET-1 and expressing ETAR and ETBR mRNA. We show that ETAR blockade by ZD4054 inhibits ET-1-induced mitogenic effects, while the ETBR antagonist, BQ 788, is ineffective. In conclusion, our data demonstrate that ZD4054 is capable in inhibiting the proliferative activity of ET-1, indicating that this specific ETAR antagonist may be a potential candidate in developing novel treatment of ovarian carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1132-1135
Number of pages4
JournalExperimental Biology and Medicine
Volume231
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006

Keywords

  • ET-1
  • ET receptor
  • Ovarian cancer
  • ZD 4054

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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