Zoledronic acid blocks the interaction between mesenchymal stem cells and breast cancer cells: Implications for adjuvant therapy of breast cancer

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Abstract

Background: Zoledronic acid (ZA) reduces locoregional and distant metastases in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer patients. Since ZA rapidly concentrates in the bone following i.v. administration, we hypothesized that this phenomenon involves the mechanism of action of ZA in bone tissue. Materials and methods: Migration assays were carried out in fibronectin-coated Boyden chambers. Activation of signaling proteins was analyzed with a phosphoprotein array. Chemokines and growth factors were measured by immunoassays and real-time PCR. Results: ZA significantly reduced in bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) the activation of AKT and mitogen-activated protein kinase and their ability to migrate. Conditioned medium (CM) from ZA-treated MSCs showed a reduced capacity to promote the migration of ER-positive MCF-7 breast cancer cells as compared with CM from untreated MSCs. The levels of the chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5 (CCL5, also known as RANTES - Regulated upon Activation, Normal T-cell Expressed, and Secreted) and interleukin (IL)-6 were significantly reduced in MSC-CM following treatment with ZA. Anti-RANTES and anti-IL-6 antibodies almost completely abolished the migration of MCF-7 cells induced by MSC-CM. Recombinant RANTES and IL-6 significantly induced MCF-7 cell migration and their combination showed a cooperative effect. Similar results were observed in different breast cancer cell lines. Conclusion: ZA might exert its antitumor activity by inhibiting MSC migration and blocking MSCs' secretion of factors involved in breast cancer progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)597-604
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Mesenchymal stem cells
  • Metastases
  • Tumor microenvironment
  • Zoledronic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Hematology

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